Alex Tapscott's Global Receives Major Backlash Prior Offering

Blockchain in Insurance: Use Cases and Implementations

Blockchain in Insurance: Use Cases and Implementations
This article was first posted on Medium: https://medium.com/swlh/blockchain-in-insurance-use-cases-and-implementations-a42a00ebcd91
Almost all major insurers are planning to integrate blockchain by 2021, according to PwC. At first glance, such a high level of commitment to new tech may seem surprising in an old and traditional industry such as insurance. However, enterprise blockchain adoption is poised to help insurers significantly cut costs, become more responsive to customers, and write more business.
Two recurring themes throughout this post are that:
  1. Blockchain can lower costs for insurers and lower insurance premiums for customers.
  2. Blockchain can help insurers understand & price risks better by allowing customer, risk and policy information to be shared more quickly and securely across parties the insurance ecosystem. This will increase revenue and growth prospects by allowing insurers to price insurance products more accurately.
Costs are becoming an issue for insurers. Life insurers in Asia and the US have seen cost ratios climb above 30% and 20% respectively over the past few years. This figure should ideally be below 20%. Part of this is due to increased compliance costs such as Know Your Customer (KYC) and Anti-Money Laundering (AML) laws. A bigger reason is that selling and servicing insurance policies is still a complex and labor intensive process.
Insurance Growth Rates (CAGR) 2012–17. Source: EY
A recent EY insurance market report showed low growth rates for Life insurance and Non-Life insurance outside Asia Pacific. Digging deeper, Life insurance premiums in the US declined by 0.4% from 2012–17.
Insurers find themselves needing to reduce operating costs and write business more effectively. While blockchain is not a magic elixir, proper adoption will help address these needs.

What is Blockchain?

In their book “Blockchain Revolution,” authors Don and Alex Tapscott describe blockchain as “an incorruptible digital ledger of economic transactions that can be programmed to record not just financial transactions but virtually everything of value.”
Organizations need secure ways to record transactions and manage information flows, making blockchain’s appeal easy to see. Blockchains ensures that:
  • All participants have a copy of the digital ledger and that each copy is updated in real-time when transactions occur;
  • There is no centralized server, making hacking next to impossible;
  • A recorded transaction theoretically cannot be reversed, which makes the ledger an immutable source of truth no matter how many participants hold copies;
  • Transaction data, records, and participant identities can be authenticated while remaining private.
Enterprise blockchains used by companies are different from public blockchains such as Bitcoin and Ethereum. Public blockchains are too clunky and slow for enterprise purposes. Enterprises require scale and speed — the ability to process hundreds of thousands of transactions very quickly. Public blockchains suffer from very low transaction speeds. Their verification process is cumbersome because participants are unknown and untrusted. Private enterprise blockchains don’t suffer from this limitation since all participants are known and trusted.
Enterprise blockchains have the following characteristics:
  • Participation requires invitation: all participants in the blockchain network are trusted
  • Data is private and secure: you don’t have access to transactions that you are not a party to, even though you’re on the same blockchain network
  • Enterprise blockchains are fast and light: the network can handle thousands of transactions per second and numerous participants working in tandem
  • ‘Smart contracts’ automate processes: transaction rules and process flows can be programmed to execute automatically, allowing payments and transfers to execute without human intervention, for example
The insurance industry will benefit from blockchain because most underwriting and claims activity requires cooperation among multiple parties. Some of these parties are from outside the firm, making data security important. Reconciling data from multiple sources during claims investigation, for example, is time and resource intensive and prone to manual error. Putting this data on a blockchain would streamline operations.

Blockchain Use Cases in Insurance

Industries have always adopted technology that has made it easier, faster and cheaper to conduct business. Blockchain tech promises to deliver on all three fronts, especially in the insurance industry, which is seen as slow and complex.
Let’s face it, insurance customers don’t enjoy interacting with insurance companies. Customers often deal with time-consuming paper forms when applying for a policy or submitting a claim. They may have to speak with people at insurance companies and hospitals, for example, to get medical insurance claims reimbursed.
On the flip side, insurance companies have to deal with the high costs of managing and servicing policies. Many of these costs are administrative — claims administration, verification and reconciliation of information, and paperwork. Insurance also requires coordination among many parties — consumers, brokers, insurers and reinsurers. This introduces overhead costs that translate to higher premiums paid by customers.
Blockchain can help make selling and servicing insurance better, faster and cheaper by improving fraud prevention, claims management, health insurance, and reinsurance. The end result could be lower prices and better experiences for customers.

Fraud Prevention

According to the FBI, non-health insurance fraud in the US is estimated to be over $40 billion per year, which can cost families between $400–700 per year in extra premiums.
Common types of insurance fraud can be eliminated by moving insurance claims onto a blockchain-based ledger that is shared among insurance companies and cannot be modified. It can prevent criminals from collecting money from different insurers for the same claim, for example.
Blockchain will make coordination easier among insurers. If all insurers access a shared blockchain ledger, they would know if a claim has already been paid. Since all insurers use the same historical claims information, it would also be easier to identify suspicious behavior.
Insurers currently try to detect fraud by using publicly available data as well as data acquired from private companies. The problem is that these data sets are incomplete due to legal constraints around sharing personally identifiable information of individuals. Blockchain, by cryptographically securing data, would allow claims information to be shared across insurers without divulging personally identifiable information.

Claims Management

Putting insurance policies on a blockchain as smart contracts can radically improve the efficiency of Property & Casualty (P&C) insurance, saving insurers more than $200B a year in operating costs according to BCG.
Let’s use car insurance to illustrate this. If you get into a car accident and it was the other driver’s fault, you must submit a claim to your insurance company to recover your loss. Your insurance company investigates your claim and tries to recover money from the other driver’s insurance company. The other insurance company has its own claims processes, which leads to duplicated work, delays, and possible human error. The end result is that you get paid much later than you’d like, and insurers spend time and money on unprofitable activities.
Putting insurance policies and claims data on a blockchain that different insurers, reinsurers, brokers, and other parties can access reduces duplicate manual work by different parties.
Insurance policies as smart contracts on a blockchain automatically execute programmed claims processing actions, automating information transfers between insurers and other parties, and releasing payments to policyholders. Additional info such as claims forms and supporting evidence supplied by policyholders can later be added to the blockchain so that all parties have the same information, making disputes unlikely.

Health Insurance

Blockchain enables fast, accurate, and secure sharing of medical data among healthcare providers and insurers. This will translate into faster health insurance claims processing and lower health insurance costs for customers.
Privacy laws around sharing patient data among hospitals and health insurance providers makes it time-consuming and expensive to process health insurance claims. Lack of data can even lead to insurance claim denials.
Patients deal with numerous doctors, hospitals and insurers over time and across borders. A patient’s medical history exists in fragments across healthcare providers and insurers. Worse, the way in which insurers and healthcare providers cooperate, share patient data, and process claims involves complex manual work & reconciliation. Even the technical infrastructure for medical records is outdated.
Putting encrypted patient records on a blockchain allows healthcare providers and insurers to access a patient’s medical data without sacrificing patient confidentiality. An industry-wide synchronized database of patient data can save the industry billions annually. Patient privacy is ensured because the blockchain stores cryptographic signatures for each medical record, which verifies the authenticity of the record without having to actually store any sensitive info on the blockchain. Changes to a patient’s medical records are also stored on the blockchain, which creates an audit trail.

Reinsurance

Data sharing among insurers and reinsurance companies is complex, time consuming, and requires inefficient manual work. Blockchain can streamline information flows between insurers and reinsurers.
Reinsurers provide insurance to insurance companies. That way, insurance companies won’t get wiped out when many claims occur at once, such as during a hurricane or earthquake.
The problem is that reinsurance processes are lengthy, inefficient, manual and are based on one-off contracts. Insurance companies generally engage multiple reinsurers for the same risk, which means that data has to be shared among many companies to settle claims.
When reinsurers and insurers share a blockchain ledger, data related to policies, premiums and losses can exist on insurers’ and reinsurers’ systems simultaneously. This takes away the need for reconciliation, which saves everyone time and money. Reinsurers can also automate claims processing and settlement.
PricewaterhouseCoopers estimates that blockchain can save the reinsurance industry up to $10 billion, which can then lead to lower insurance premiums for customers.

Blockchain Implementation in Insurance

Saving the best for last, here are just some examples of how the insurance industry is using blockchain. Keep in mind that at this point, there are more prototypes and POCs than full-scale implementations.

R3

R3 is an enterprise blockchain company. It maintains an ecosystem of over 300 firms across industries that build blockchain software apps on top of its Corda platform. These apps can be used across industries from insurance to banking to healthcare. R3 maintains 2 versions of Corda; an open source platform and an enterprise-specific version called Corda Enterprise. Both versions of Corda are compatible with each other.
Insurance-specific applications on Corda are designed to help insurers automate back office activities, streamline operational flows, and generally spend less time on things like claims admin and data processing. There are also apps being development to speed up underwriting and enable faster data sharing among insurers and reinsurers.
Basically, Corda wants to host a common set of insurance apps that the entire industry can use to cut costs and boost revenue. Corda currently boasts over 15 insurance-specific apps, with a few of these deployed into production such as:
  • Blocksure OS: solves problems related to legacy systems, slow manual processes and high rates of error by automating policy admin and claims activities. Policyholders can access all policy and claims info in one app.
  • MIDAS: is a motor insurance authentication platform designed to serve 80 motor insurance companies in Hong Kong. It provides real-time authentication of motor insurance policies, verification, and audit trails. This can help with fraud detection and reduce time required for certain verification activities when it comes to policy and claims management.

B3i

B3i was a blockchain consortium, now an independent software company, supported by leading insurers and reinsurers including Swiss Re, AXA, Zurich, Munich Re, and Allianz. They develop blockchain-based applications for insurers and reinsurers and aim to create industry-wide standards. B3i aims to use blockchain tech to streamline back office processes and claims management — basically lower costs and do things faster. In 2018, B3i switched from IBM’s Hyperledger Fabric to R3’s Corda platform.
In July 2019, they launched a Catastrophe Excess of Loss product on Corda. The product is designed for brokers, insurers and reinsurers to negotiate and place risks more efficiently by reducing manual activities related to placing, renewing and managing treaties.

AXA

In 2017, AXA launched Fizzy, a blockchain platform for flight delay insurance. Customers purchase flight delay insurance, which is recorded in a smart contract. The platform is connected to global air traffic databases and receives flight statuses. If a customer’s flight is delayed for more than two hours, the smart contract automatically triggers payment to the customer.
Customers don’t have to fill out claims forms or speak to service reps. The claim is deposited directly to their bank account. Customer satisfaction: maximized.
AXA does not have to spend time processing claims, verifying flight data, or enduring paperwork for payment authorizations. They save on time & cost and can deploy these resources to more profitable activities.
Update: Fizzy has since been discontinued after 2 years, possibly due to lack of appetite from the travel/airline industry. Regardless, Fizzy was a pioneer of sorts and has laid the groundwork for future blockchain insurance platforms.

Blue Cross

Hong Kong insurer Blue Cross is using blockchain since April 2019 to speed up medical insurance claims processing and prevent fraud.
Blue Cross’ blockchain platform validates claims data in real-time, which greatly reduces fraud potential from duplicate claims filing, for example. Claims are also processed faster for their 200,000+ customers. The platform also removes the need to reconcile claims data across parties such as insurers and medical service providers. Medical practitioners such as doctors and chiropractors who don’t employ many admin support staff could save time and money by partnering with Blue Cross.
Blue Cross’ blockchain platform is built on Hyperledger. Blue Cross is owned by Bank of East Asia.

Insurwave

Insurwave is a blockchain-based marine hull insurance platform launched in 2018. The platform was a collaboration among Ernst & Young, Guardtime, Maersk, Microsoft, and ACORD. It was built on R3’s Corda platform.
Insurwave provides real-time information on ships’ location, condition, and safety factors that both insurers and customers can access. If ships enter high-risk areas, Insurwave automatically factors this into underwriting and pricing calculations.
Premium calculations for this type of insurance are very complex. Having an immutable audit trail for ship-specific information substantially eases this calculation, enables accurate pricing, and speeds up underwriting. Insurers are also able to better account for ship-specific risks.

The Future of Blockchain in Insurance

These are still early days. Most of the work around blockchain in insurance is in the Proof of Concept stage and regulation is slowly catching up. However, we have already seen some applications that have gone live.
The ‘quickest win’ for blockchain in insurance is in the area of cost control. Rising costs are hitting insurers across most markets. Blockchain platforms and Dapps that allow firms to free up resources by automating claims management, fraud detection and data reconciliation, for example, will be heartily endorsed by executives.
The real win will be when blockchain platforms enable insurers to create better products and onboard customers faster — things that bring in revenue. For this to happen, we need a more robust ecosystem of insurers, reinsurers, tech companies and service providers working together on industry-standard blockchain platforms.
This has already started with software companies like R3 launching enterprise-grade blockchain platforms such as Corda Enterprise. We also have leading insurers involved in B3i that share common goals related to blockchain development. It remains to be seen if these natural competitors share enough long-term interests to sustain the initiative. If not, industry-wide blockchain adoption may take longer and become more fragmented.
However, the benefits are too obvious to ignore. We will probably see a few committed companies invest early in blockchain and enjoy a short period of above-normal performance, with early adoption coming from mature markets burdened with high costs as well as some parts of Southeast Asia (e.g. China, which proactively adopts tech). The rest of the industry will follow.
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Detailed thoughts/research on ICON. (Updates)

Reposting this with some updates. Originally posted to this sub 3+ months ago when there were fewer than 100 subs. I am more bullish on ICX than ever before and plan on increasing my position via OKEx, possibly doubling my 30 Eth position depending on how low the price drops. Thoughts on price: I don't give a lot of credence to the HitBTC futures but I DO pay attention to the trend they reflect. I've seen many ICOs with futures trading below the ICO price. ICX is currently at a crazy premium. Will ICX trade at >$3 on day 1? I don't think so. But I'm willing to bet good money (and will bet good money) that it will trade well north of $3 within the next few months assuming we don't have another massive market correction. My two cents.
One piece of advice to the ICON team: Pay more attention to this sub than you do to Telegram. Make announcements here. It will get to the Telegram almost instantly while remaining visible (instead of having to "pin" posts on Telegram) and easily searchable in the future. We need this subreddit to grow. Thanks!
New information marked with "UPDATE:"
Website:
https://icon.foundation/en/
Team:
On the site. Lots of folks that went to the best Universities in Korea (Seoul National is the Harvard of Korea, KAIST is the MIT of Korea). Lots of American educated folks too. Biz guys that worked for top tier investment banks (JP Morgan, Deutsche Bank).
Parent Company:
ICON is a project of Dayli Financial Group. Dayli used to be called Yello Financial Group and it is an arm of Yello Mobile. (Techcrunch source) (Article about name change) Note that theloop is the company that built the underlying blockchain technology. They are also owned by Dayli Financial Group. It appears many Korean companies take this "conglomerate" approach which has made research a bit tricky. In summary, Dayli Financial Group, Icon Foundation, theloop, Yello Financial Group all the same company.
Furthermore -- Yello Mobile is HUGE. They are one of the largest startups in Korea with a valuation north of $4b. (Source) We're talking about the largest mobile start up in Korea...a start-up that was started by a team that spun off of Kakao, the most popular app in Korea that almost everyone uses (similar to WhatsApp or WeChat in China). Confused yet? Basically, by Korean standards, this is as big as it gets.
Vision
UPDATE: I wanted to throw in something I've heard one of the ICON Council members say many times in interviews on Youtube. They view blockchain networks akin to cellular networks. There will be many of them, they will be regulated, and there will be incredibly successful regional networks in addition to international networks. ICON is the first blockchain network in Korea focusing on pulling that country towards blockchain adoption (see article linked at the bottom of this post). They're setting up dozens of partnerships and side chains that they're building themselves for clients with the goal of connecting the entire ecosystem using ICX. This is a BIG vision that, in my opinion, makes a ton of sense. ICON isn't just saying, "Here's our network, come use it" -- they're signing up industries and those industries are paying up for their own blockchain networks that will become part of the ICON ecosystem. We haven't really seen something this "professionalized" in crypto yet, besides perhaps Ripple.
Partnerships/Other:
ICO Terms:
150k Eth, first round caps you at 30 eth per person, then 100 eth, then 1,000 eth. I maxed the pre-sale and am planning on doubling down assuming I get a reasonable price discovery here in the next few days.
Advisors:
Don Tapscott is the big one. He wrote one of the definitive books on blockchain with his son who runs a crypto hedge fund. Here's him speaking. Here's his son Alex speaking at Google. Here's a Bloomberg article that mentions their investment.
UPDATE: They also added Jehan Chu as an advisor. He's a pretty big deal and has been around the space for a LONG time. Here he is on Bloomberg TV mentioning South Korea. He doesn't mention ICON (and does mention two other investments) but I'll give him a pass given that he's on an American TV show.
Other:
Korea is obsessed with crypto (based on trading volumes) and they are early adopters of nearly every new technology -- usually way before China or the US.
Other Articles:
READ THIS ARTICLE (page 2 has best info)
submitted by tatitude to helloicon [link] [comments]

How to follow, study and keep up to date with the Ethereum project. This info or link might help with newbies or people you would like to send info to regarding what ethereum is.

Iv been asked to put together some info / links on the Ethereum Project by a few people lately that iv met or talked to and since its Sunday and i got a half day from work here it is:
I emailed them and then pasted it here so sorry if its a bit clumped together. Cant get the grasp of how reddit breaks up sentances 8-()
https://www.ethereum.org/ Ethereum is a decentralized platform that runs smart contracts: applications that run exactly as programmed without any possibility of downtime, censorship, fraud or third party interference.
These apps run on a custom built blockchain, an enormously powerful shared global infrastructure that can move value around and represent the ownership of property. This enables developers to create markets, store registries of debts or promises, move funds in accordance with instructions given long in the past (like a will or a futures contract) and many other things that have not been invented yet, all without a middle man or counterparty risk.
The project was bootstraped via an ether pre-sale during August 2014 by fans all around the world. It is developed by the Ethereum Foundation, a Swiss nonprofit, with contributions from great minds across the globe.
Ethereum Blog: https://blog.ethereum.org/
Note: This is not investment advise, This email is just to show you what Ethereum is, what these 1000's of computer scientists, developers, programmers and hackers are building. A whole new internet run from millions of peoples computers all over the world to create the "Ethereum Virtual Machine" or world computer that 7 Billion people can log onto at the same time. It is censorship resistant, encrypted and the Ethereum Blockchain can not be hacked. This is going to change the world as we know it.
There is a built in currency called "Ether" or "ETH" and can be purchased from any of many exchanges listed below.
Note 2: ETC or Ethereum Classic is a smaller blockchain project that also uses the EVM (Ethereum Virtual Machine) and id advise to stay away from that project, it has not got the 1000's of developers building it like ETH does, it apparently has one or 2 developers that went their own way, The EVM can also run private and consortium blockchains that alot of big and small companies are building on for their inhouse private operations. Like a Intranet (intranet is a private network that is contained within an enterprise)
Its very hard to understand at first what exactly blockchain is so here are some videos that i think explains it well:
BBC 2015 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0X33lgMbvdI
Ethereum: the World Computer https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=j23HnORQXvs
An Ethereum Interview Series // Teaser from the recent Devcon2 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gHseIdJ0SJU
What is Ethereum? https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Clw-qf1sUZg&t=123s
ETHEREUM explained in 100 seconds. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eRDKP8nCVtU
Vitalik Buterin explains Ethereum https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TDGq4aeevgY
DEVCON1: Understanding the Ethereum Blockchain Protocol - Vitalik Buterin
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gjwr-7PgpN8
2016 China Devcon2: Ethereum in 25 Minutes https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=66SaEDzlmP4&t=1s
Joseph Lubin - The Basics of Blockchain and Etherum https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0ilYnuP1qd4&t=50s
DEVCON1: Ethereum for Dummies - Dr. Gavin Wood https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=U_LK0t_qaPo
Blockchain is Eating Wall Street | Alex Tapscott | https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WnEYakUxsHU
How the mysterious dark net is going mainstream https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pzN4WGPC4kc&t=378s
The four pillars of a decentralized society | Johann Gevers https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8oeiOeDq_Nc
Gavin Wood: Why is Blockchain a game changer? https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ygZWhQXZtl4&t=188s
Brock Pierce: Blockchain technology https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3lMvo0PPxjQ&t=619s
2014 Keiser Report: New Crypto Phenomenon Ethereum https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hdAnyC45ZbU (starts at about 12 mins)
Devcon2 Videos from 2016 https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCNOfzGXD_C9YMYmnefmPH0g/videos
Devcon1 and other Ethereum Videos from 2014 & 15 https://www.youtube.com/useethereumproject/videos
Soundcloud: (these are great with Arthur speaking directly to Developers that are building on Ethereum)
The Ether Review - Arthur Falls https://soundcloud.com/arthurfalls
ConsenSys Media - Arthur Falls https://soundcloud.com/consensys
Evan Van Ness sends out "The week in Ethereum" latest here: http://www.weekinethereum.com/
Id highly recommend subscribing to his news letter here http://evanvanness.us14.list-manage1.com/subscribe?u=4c6ec57a148e890524b6ac91f&id=7061f7fa65
Ethereum Rules and Getting Started Guide https://www.reddit.com/ethereum/comments/4ws9um/rethereum_rules_and_getting_started_guide/
Reddit:
https://www.reddit.com/ethereum/new/ News, development and everything apart from price. Most news about Ethereum can be found here daily
https://www.reddit.com/ethtradenew/ price and trading discussions
Ethereum News commentators i watch:
Crypt0 https://www.youtube.com/useobham001/videos
Mr Yukon C https://www.youtube.com/channel/UClfAgeZvfwC9hcJrFisW8cQ/videos
Ethereum people to follow on twitter to get linked and fed important blockchain info:
@SingularDTV @golemproject @ethcoreproject @MrYukonC @EthereumCanada @ConsenSysLLC @R3CEV @DigixGlobal @AugurProject @NickSzabo4 @ethereumJoseph @Gatecoin @aantonop @BobSummerwill @GeorgeAHallam @el33th4xor @awrelllRo @mingchan88 @peter_szilagyi @koeppelmann @LefterisJP @stephantual @wmougayar @jeffehh @TaylorGerring @avsa (there is plenty more i just don't have them on my twitter yet)
To run a node from your computer you can download the "Ethereum Wallet" here: https://github.com/ethereum/mist/releases
Instructions:
How to Install the Ethereum Wallet https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Y3JfLgjqNU4&t=7s
How to Back up and load the Ethereum Wallet https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CZ8ZCtbxD0M&t=2s
How To Watch Tokens and Other Smart Contracts with the Ethereum Wallet https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=V_KJ84jkPi8
Ethereum and other blockchain project prices http://coinmarketcap.com/
There are many exchanges that trade Ether around the world http://coinmarketcap.com/currencies/ethereum/#markets
Some ones i have used are: www.kraken.com Accepts Euro, Dollar, GBP etc.. by SEPA or international bank transfer and you can buy Ether
www.poloniex.com (does not accept fiat but it is the largest volume for trading crypto pairs, I have used www.bitstamp.net in the UK to buy Bitcoin and then send them to Poloniex to swap for Ether )
www.yunbi.com A very good exchange based in China and have listed a few ethereum tokens, you need to swap through CNY (Chinese Yuan) but its easy and very good support.
www.bittrex.com No Fiat but also lists some Ethereum Based tokens
www.gatecoin.com Based in Hong Kong and you can send Euro and Dollar, Also lists alot of Ethereum Based tokens, Volume is very low at the moment as they recover from a hack but they offer very good support.
The safest place to store you Ether is on a hardware wallet like this one https://www.ledgerwallet.com/products/12-ledger-nano-s.
You can also store all you Ethereum based tokens or shares on this device https://ledger.groovehq.com/knowledge_base/topics/how-to-secure-your-eth-tokens-augur-rep-dot-dot-dot-with-your-nano-s
The way "I view" the incentive to keep Ether (ETH) is the following and the reason i think it will go up in value is because of "The velocity of Ether moving through the Ethereum economy (Platform)". So the more Ether is used the higher the price will get and in a number of years will see us move down to the lower units finney, szabo, shannon, babbage, lovelace, and wei as the digital economy grows. Ether has 18 decimal places 1,000,000,000,000,000,000. Because after POS Ether total supply will be set at approx. 100 Million with a small inflation of 1 to 3% that pays the computers running it.
So ether will be more like the reserve currency and trade currency between all the other currencies, contracts and Dapps interacting in the Ethereum digital economy. But its main function is like a gas to run the network. Every transaction you have to pay a tiny amount to the network that goes to all the computers running the network. less than 1 penny.
Ethereum Based Tokens / Synthetic assets (What is a Synthetic Asset https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=St9DBpNBP1Q)
On coinmarketcap.com you can see there are 642 other Blockchain projects listed and some like Bitcoin are 8 years old. 90%+ of these projects are junk projects developed by 1 or 2 people and are just copies of Bitcoin. Some have added extra functions over Bitcoin and Bitcoin is a very secure but slow payment DAPP but cant do much else besides payments.
Ethereum was built from scratch and is built like lets say "android or a smart phone" so that DAPPS can be plugged in as you should have heard from the above videos. So there are now a good few DAPPS that are nearly completion that were built on the ethereum blockchain by different groups of developers. There are alot more but 328 are listed here: http://dapps.ethercasts.com/. So there is not just 643 blockchain projects there are over 1000 but all the ones on Ethereum can communicate or interoperate with eachother. Some notable ones you can see listed on coinmarketcap are Augur, Iconomi, DigixDAO, Golem, SingularDTV etc..... All these because they are built on the Ethereum blockchain can interact with eachother but the other 600+ blockchains can not. This is what makes Ethereum different from the rest.
As DigixDAO is the one i have studied most ill give an example of a DAPP thats built on Ethereum and why a DAPP would be usefull
In industry most work is automated, the operators no longer have to take process samples manually and send to the lab or go and top up a tank manually with certain additives, This is all done by automation, When the process is at a certain temperate, level, viscosity etc.. the instrumentation measures this and adds or pumps the necessary ingredients / additives to make sure the final product is made correctly. This automation has saved alot of costs and manual labour in industry.
What Digix / blockchain is doing is automating alot of the back office paperwork, accounting, agreements etc... Example: company that owns a gold vault (Like Silver Bullion) have employees handling paperwork / sales etc and when people sell and buy gold it changes hands or changes registered ownership and the employees have to manually do this paperwork. What Digix provides is automated software that does all this automatically in 14 seconds. For billing / storage if you have gold stored in the vault you pay about 1% a year so you know if you have $10,000 worth of gold then you need to pay about $100 a year which you pay by topping up your gold (DGX) by $100 and its taken out automatically each day by a tiny tiny amount.
The good thing is that if you have Gold Tokens as your savings instead of Fiat and you need to borrow $ short term you can borrow $ by agreeing to lock your Gold Tokens in a smart contract in the software and pay interest for that loan. If you pay back the loan over 3 months then the gold tokens are automatically returned to your address and you havent missed a gold rally or a Fiat devaluation. If you dont pay it back then the person who lent you the $ gets all your gold (or the % not paid) Again this process is automated in a smart contract and the bullion employee didnt have to settle all the paperwork, transfers of gold or get contracts and agreements signed by both parties, This is done by digital signature / agreements and saves the Vault operator alot of costs.
The vault operator can also earn a bit of the loans interest and $ can be provided by them or even 3rd parties. Using the Ethereum blockchain this can be done for lots of different industries from banking, stocks, insurance, gambling, pritty much everywhere
Other non Ethereum related Youtube people i follow, mainly Economics, Geo-politics, Gold / Silver etc.... These people give some very good info that you wont get from the big media companies or state media. Maybe this will help you understand why you should not keep 100% of your wealth in $ and maybe a few % is worth keeping in Crypto or ever Gold Physical or easier DGX (DigixDAO) or DGD.
Greg Hunter https://www.youtube.com/useusawatchdog/videos
Gerald Celente Trends in the News https://www.youtube.com/usegcelente/videos
Gregory Mannarino https://www.youtube.com/useGregVegas5909/videos
Realist News Jsnip4 https://www.youtube.com/usejsnip4/videos
SGT Report https://www.youtube.com/useSGTbull07/videos
Stefan molyneux https://www.youtube.com/usestefbot/videos
X22 Report https://www.youtube.com/useX22Report/videos
Clif High https://www.youtube.com/results?search_query=clif+high
Noem Chomsky https://www.youtube.com/results?search_query=noem+chomsky
Health
Dr John Bergman https://www.youtube.com/usejohnbchiro/videos
Nutrition Facts Org https://www.youtube.com/useNutritionFactsOrg/videos
Any questions just ask
submitted by TonyMcCarp to ethereum [link] [comments]

Detailed thoughts/research on ICON (i.e. Korean Ethereum). Being listed today on OKEx and Binance. (Super bullish on this one, I'd love some comments for/against.)

I am more bullish on ICX than ever before and plan on increasing my position via OKEx, possibly doubling my 30 Eth position depending on how low the price drops. Thoughts on price: I don't give a lot of credence to the HitBTC futures but I DO pay attention to the trend they reflect. I've seen many ICOs with futures trading below the ICO price. ICX is currently at a crazy premium. Will ICX trade at >$3 on day 1? I don't think so. But I'm willing to bet good money (and will bet good money) that it will trade well north of $3 within the next few months assuming we don't have another massive market correction. My two cents.
New information in the last few months marked with "UPDATE:"
Website:
https://icon.foundation/en/
Team:
On the site. Lots of folks that went to the best Universities in Korea (Seoul National is the Harvard of Korea, KAIST is the MIT of Korea). Lots of American educated folks too. Biz guys that worked for top tier investment banks (JP Morgan, Deutsche Bank).
Parent Company:
ICON is a project of Dayli Financial Group. Dayli used to be called Yello Financial Group and it is an arm of Yello Mobile. (Techcrunch source) (Article about name change) Note that theloop is the company that built the underlying blockchain technology. They are also owned by Dayli Financial Group. It appears many Korean companies take this "conglomerate" approach which has made research a bit tricky. In summary, Dayli Financial Group, Icon Foundation, theloop, Yello Financial Group all the same company.
Furthermore -- Yello Mobile is HUGE. They are one of the largest startups in Korea with a valuation north of $4b. (Source) We're talking about the largest mobile start up in Korea...a start-up that was started by a team that spun off of Kakao, the most popular app in Korea that almost everyone uses (similar to WhatsApp or WeChat in China). Confused yet? Basically, by Korean standards, this is as big as it gets.
Vision
UPDATE: I wanted to throw in something I've heard one of the ICON Council members say many times in interviews on Youtube. They view blockchain networks akin to cellular networks. There will be many of them, they will be regulated, and there will be incredibly successful regional networks in addition to international networks. ICON is the first blockchain network in Korea focusing on pulling that country towards blockchain adoption (see article linked at the bottom of this post). They're setting up dozens of partnerships and side chains that they're building themselves for clients with the goal of connecting the entire ecosystem using ICX. This is a BIG vision that, in my opinion, makes a ton of sense. ICON isn't just saying, "Here's our network, come use it" -- they're signing up industries and those industries are paying up for their own blockchain networks that will become part of the ICON ecosystem. We haven't really seen something this "professionalized" in crypto yet, besides perhaps Ripple.
Partnerships/Other:
ICO Terms:
150k Eth, first round caps you at 30 eth per person, then 100 eth, then 1,000 eth. I maxed the pre-sale and am planning on doubling down assuming I get a reasonable price discovery here in the next few days.
Advisors:
Don Tapscott is the big one. He wrote one of the definitive books on blockchain with his son who runs a crypto hedge fund. Here's him speaking. Here's his son Alex speaking at Google. Here's a Bloomberg article that mentions their investment.
UPDATE: They also added Jehan Chu as an advisor. He's a pretty big deal and has been around the space for a LONG time. Here he is on Bloomberg TV mentioning South Korea. He doesn't mention ICON (and does mention two other investments) but I'll give him a pass given that he's on an American TV show.
Other:
Korea is obsessed with crypto (based on trading volumes) and they are early adopters of nearly every new technology -- usually way before China or the US.
Other Articles:
READ THIS ARTICLE (page 2 has best info)
submitted by tatitude to CryptoCurrency [link] [comments]

How to follow, study and keep up to date with the Ethereum project. This info or link might help with newbies or people you would like to send info to regarding what ethereum is.

Iv been asked to put together some info / links on the Ethereum Project by a few people lately that iv met or talked to and since its Sunday and i got a half day from work here it is:
https://www.ethereum.org/ Ethereum is a decentralized platform that runs smart contracts: applications that run exactly as programmed without any possibility of downtime, censorship, fraud or third party interference.
These apps run on a custom built blockchain, an enormously powerful shared global infrastructure that can move value around and represent the ownership of property. This enables developers to create markets, store registries of debts or promises, move funds in accordance with instructions given long in the past (like a will or a futures contract) and many other things that have not been invented yet, all without a middle man or counterparty risk.
The project was bootstraped via an ether pre-sale during August 2014 by fans all around the world. It is developed by the Ethereum Foundation, a Swiss nonprofit, with contributions from great minds across the globe.
Ethereum Blog: https://blog.ethereum.org/
Note: This is not investment advise, This email is just to show you what Ethereum is, what these 1000's of computer scientists, developers, programmers and hackers are building. A whole new internet run from millions of peoples computers all over the world to create the "Ethereum Virtual Machine" or world computer that 7 Billion people can log onto at the same time. It is censorship resistant, encrypted and the Ethereum Blockchain can not be hacked. This is going to change the world as we know it.
There is a built in currency called "Ether" or "ETH" and can be purchased from any of many exchanges listed below.
Note 2: ETC or Ethereum Classic is a smaller blockchain project that also uses the EVM (Ethereum Virtual Machine) and id advise to stay away from that project, it has not got the 1000's of developers building it like ETH does, it apparently has one or 2 developers that went their own way, The EVM can also run private and consortium blockchains that alot of big and small companies are building on for their inhouse private operations. Like a Intranet (intranet is a private network that is contained within an enterprise)
Its very hard to understand at first what exactly blockchain is so here are some videos that i think explains it well:
BBC 2015 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0X33lgMbvdI
Ethereum: the World Computer https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=j23HnORQXvs
An Ethereum Interview Series // Teaser from the recent Devcon2 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gHseIdJ0SJU
What is Ethereum? https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Clw-qf1sUZg&t=123s
ETHEREUM explained in 100 seconds. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eRDKP8nCVtU
Vitalik Buterin explains Ethereum https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TDGq4aeevgY
DEVCON1: Understanding the Ethereum Blockchain Protocol - Vitalik Buterin
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gjwr-7PgpN8
2016 China Devcon2: Ethereum in 25 Minutes https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=66SaEDzlmP4&t=1s
Joseph Lubin - The Basics of Blockchain and Etherum https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0ilYnuP1qd4&t=50s
DEVCON1: Ethereum for Dummies - Dr. Gavin Wood https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=U_LK0t_qaPo
Blockchain is Eating Wall Street | Alex Tapscott | https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WnEYakUxsHU
How the mysterious dark net is going mainstream https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pzN4WGPC4kc&t=378s
The four pillars of a decentralized society | Johann Gevers https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8oeiOeDq_Nc
Gavin Wood: Why is Blockchain a game changer? https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ygZWhQXZtl4&t=188s
Brock Pierce: Blockchain technology https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3lMvo0PPxjQ&t=619s
2014 Keiser Report: New Crypto Phenomenon Ethereum https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hdAnyC45ZbU (starts at about 12 mins)
Devcon2 Videos from 2016 https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCNOfzGXD_C9YMYmnefmPH0g/videos
Devcon1 and other Ethereum Videos from 2014 & 15 https://www.youtube.com/useethereumproject/videos
Soundcloud: (these are great with Arthur speaking directly to Developers that are building on Ethereum)
The Ether Review - Arthur Falls https://soundcloud.com/arthurfalls
ConsenSys Media - Arthur Falls https://soundcloud.com/consensys
Evan Van Ness sends out "The week in Ethereum" latest here: http://www.weekinethereum.com/
Id highly recommend subscribing to his news letter here http://evanvanness.us14.list-manage1.com/subscribe?u=4c6ec57a148e890524b6ac91f&id=7061f7fa65
Ethereum Rules and Getting Started Guide https://www.reddit.com/ethereum/comments/4ws9um/rethereum_rules_and_getting_started_guide/
Reddit:
https://www.reddit.com/ethereum/new/ News, development and everything apart from price. Most news about Ethereum can be found here daily
https://www.reddit.com/ethtradenew/ price and trading discussions
Ethereum News commentators i watch:
Crypt0 https://www.youtube.com/useobham001/videos
Mr Yukon C https://www.youtube.com/channel/UClfAgeZvfwC9hcJrFisW8cQ/videos
Ethereum people to follow on twitter to get linked and fed important blockchain info:
@SingularDTV @golemproject @ethcoreproject @MrYukonC @EthereumCanada @ConsenSysLLC @R3CEV @DigixGlobal @AugurProject @NickSzabo4 @ethereumJoseph @Gatecoin @aantonop @BobSummerwill @GeorgeAHallam @el33th4xor @awrelllRo @mingchan88 @peter_szilagyi @koeppelmann @LefterisJP @stephantual @wmougayar @jeffehh @TaylorGerring @avsa (there is plenty more i just don't have them on my twitter yet)
To run a node from your computer you can download the "Ethereum Wallet" here: https://github.com/ethereum/mist/releases
Instructions:
How to Install the Ethereum Wallet https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Y3JfLgjqNU4&t=7s
How to Back up and load the Ethereum Wallet https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CZ8ZCtbxD0M&t=2s
How To Watch Tokens and Other Smart Contracts with the Ethereum Wallet https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=V_KJ84jkPi8
Ethereum and other blockchain project prices http://coinmarketcap.com/
There are many exchanges that trade Ether around the world http://coinmarketcap.com/currencies/ethereum/#markets
Some ones i have used are: www.kraken.com Accepts Euro, Dollar, GBP etc.. by SEPA or international bank transfer and you can buy Ether
www.poloniex.com (does not accept fiat but it is the largest volume for trading crypto pairs, I have used www.bitstamp.net in the UK to buy Bitcoin and then send them to Poloniex to swap for Ether )
www.yunbi.com A very good exchange based in China and have listed a few ethereum tokens, you need to swap through CNY (Chinese Yuan) but its easy and very good support.
www.bittrex.com No Fiat but also lists some Ethereum Based tokens
www.gatecoin.com Based in Hong Kong and you can send Euro and Dollar, Also lists alot of Ethereum Based tokens, Volume is very low at the moment as they recover from a hack but they offer very good support.
The safest place to store you Ether is on a hardware wallet like this one https://www.ledgerwallet.com/products/12-ledger-nano-s.
You can also store all you Ethereum based tokens or shares on this device https://ledger.groovehq.com/knowledge_base/topics/how-to-secure-your-eth-tokens-augur-rep-dot-dot-dot-with-your-nano-s
The way "I view" the incentive to keep Ether (ETH) is the following and the reason i think it will go up in value is because of "The velocity of Ether moving through the Ethereum economy (Platform)". So the more Ether is used the higher the price will get and in a number of years will see us move down to the lower units finney, szabo, shannon, babbage, lovelace, and wei as the digital economy grows. Ether has 18 decimal places 1,000,000,000,000,000,000. Because after POS Ether total supply will be set at approx. 100 Million with a small inflation of 1 to 3% that pays the computers running it.
So ether will be more like the reserve currency and trade currency between all the other currencies, contracts and Dapps interacting in the Ethereum digital economy. But its main function is like a gas to run the network. Every transaction you have to pay a tiny amount to the network that goes to all the computers running the network. less than 1 penny.
Ethereum Based Tokens / Synthetic assets (What is a Synthetic Asset https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=St9DBpNBP1Q)
On coinmarketcap.com you can see there are 642 other Blockchain projects listed and some like Bitcoin are 8 years old. 90%+ of these projects are junk projects developed by 1 or 2 people and are just copies of Bitcoin. Some have added extra functions over Bitcoin and Bitcoin is a very secure but slow payment DAPP but cant do much else besides payments.
Ethereum was built from scratch and is built like lets say "android or a smart phone" so that DAPPS can be plugged in as you should have heard from the above videos. So there are now a good few DAPPS that are nearly completion that were built on the ethereum blockchain by different groups of developers. There are alot more but 328 are listed here: http://dapps.ethercasts.com/. So there is not just 643 blockchain projects there are over 1000 but all the ones on Ethereum can communicate or interoperate with eachother. Some notable ones you can see listed on coinmarketcap are Augur, Iconomi, DigixDAO, Golem, SingularDTV etc..... All these because they are built on the Ethereum blockchain can interact with eachother but the other 600+ blockchains can not. This is what makes Ethereum different from the rest.
As DigixDAO is the one i have studied most ill give an example of a DAPP thats built on Ethereum and why a DAPP would be usefull
In industry most work is automated, the operators no longer have to take process samples manually and send to the lab or go and top up a tank manually with certain additives, This is all done by automation, When the process is at a certain temperate, level, viscosity etc.. the instrumentation measures this and adds or pumps the necessary ingredients / additives to make sure the final product is made correctly. This automation has saved alot of costs and manual labour in industry.
What Digix / blockchain is doing is automating alot of the back office paperwork, accounting, agreements etc... Example: company that owns a gold vault (Like Silver Bullion) have employees handling paperwork / sales etc and when people sell and buy gold it changes hands or changes registered ownership and the employees have to manually do this paperwork. What Digix provides is automated software that does all this automatically in 14 seconds. For billing / storage if you have gold stored in the vault you pay about 1% a year so you know if you have $10,000 worth of gold then you need to pay about $100 a year which you pay by topping up your gold (DGX) by $100 and its taken out automatically each day by a tiny tiny amount.
The good thing is that if you have Gold Tokens as your savings instead of Fiat and you need to borrow $ short term you can borrow $ by agreeing to lock your Gold Tokens in a smart contract in the software and pay interest for that loan. If you pay back the loan over 3 months then the gold tokens are automatically returned to your address and you havent missed a gold rally or a Fiat devaluation. If you dont pay it back then the person who lent you the $ gets all your gold (or the % not paid) Again this process is automated in a smart contract and the bullion employee didnt have to settle all the paperwork, transfers of gold or get contracts and agreements signed by both parties, This is done by digital signature / agreements and saves the Vault operator alot of costs.
The vault operator can also earn a bit of the loans interest and $ can be provided by them or even 3rd parties. Using the Ethereum blockchain this can be done for lots of different industries from banking, stocks, insurance, gambling, pritty much everywhere
Other non Ethereum related Youtube people i follow, mainly Economics, Geo-politics, Gold / Silver etc.... These people give some very good info that you wont get from the big media companies or state media. Maybe this will help you understand why you should not keep 100% of your wealth in $ and maybe a few % is worth keeping in Crypto or ever Gold Physical or easier DGX (DigixDAO) or DGD.
Greg Hunter https://www.youtube.com/useusawatchdog/videos
Gerald Celente Trends in the News https://www.youtube.com/usegcelente/videos
Gregory Mannarino https://www.youtube.com/useGregVegas5909/videos
Realist News Jsnip4 https://www.youtube.com/usejsnip4/videos
SGT Report https://www.youtube.com/useSGTbull07/videos
Stefan molyneux https://www.youtube.com/usestefbot/videos
X22 Report https://www.youtube.com/useX22Report/videos
Clif High https://www.youtube.com/results?search_query=clif+high
Noem Chomsky https://www.youtube.com/results?search_query=noem+chomsky
Health
Dr John Bergman https://www.youtube.com/usejohnbchiro/videos
Nutrition Facts Org https://www.youtube.com/useNutritionFactsOrg/videos
Any questions just ask
submitted by TonyMcCarp to Futurology [link] [comments]

INNOVATE2016: Don & Alex Tapscott Cointelegraph - YouTube Don & Alex Tapscott: Blockchain's #1 use-case during Pandemics? Bitcoin and Crypto Post Recession? Bitcoin Price Update 26 Jun 2019 by CryptoCoinKh Bitcoin - YouTube

Alex Tapscott and NextBlock Global Ltd., a blockchain venture that shelved a public offering following a report that it listed prominent industry players as advisors who hadn’t agreed or consented to act in that capacity, have paid $1 million in penalties to settle Ontario Securities Commission allegations of breaching securities rules through misleading disclosure. Alex Tapscott Three Mega-Trends Shaping the Future of Money In the year 2030, if we do this right, money, the foundation of our economy and civilization will be unrecognizable. The Canadian Imperial Bank of Commerce has rebuked its underwriting of the Nextblock Global public offering. A strong signal, to say the least. Buy bitcoin. BTC $9106.76 ETH $230.28 XRP $0.24 LTC $61.98 XMR $68.95 bitcoin. Buy dashboard news trend news bitcoin 1 X bitcoin = $9106.76. Monday 05 October 2020 Alex Tapscott - This Is Money in 2030 - CoinDesk. smart summary beta. In the year 2030, if we do this right, money, the foundation of our economy and civilization, will be unrecognizable. For others, it’s an opportunity to further ... Blockchain Research Institute's Alex Tapscott: Bitcoin's Price was Artificial, Healthy Correction Happening. by Bitcoin Exchange Guide News Team. November 28, 2018. Home Cryptocurrency News. Facebook. Twitter. Telegram. ReddIt . Linkedin. Email. While a lot of casual spectators have been saying that the recent market crash happened due to a number of crypto whales selling of their altcoin ...

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INNOVATE2016: Don & Alex Tapscott

We talked to Alex Tapscott, the co-founder of Blockchain Research Institute and co-author of the book "Blockchain Revolution," about private and enterprise b... Alex Tapscott is the founder and CEO of NextBlock Global, a digital asset company, and previously worked in investment banking in New York and Toronto. He is the author of Towards the Breaking ... Alex Tapscott, co-author of Blockchain Revolution: How the Technology Behind Bitcoin is Changing Money, Business and the World, discusses how the global opportunities for blockchain technology are ... Alex and Don Tapscott together wrote the best-selling book Blockchain Revolution: How the Technology Behind Bitcoin is Changing Money, Business, and the World. In 2017, Alex and Don founded the ... Cointelegraph covers everything Bitcoin, bringing you the latest news, prices, breakthroughs and analysis, with emphasis on expert opinion and commentary fro...

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