Putting the Blockchain to Work For Science! - Bitcoin Magazine

Preventing double-spends is an "embarrassingly parallel" massive search problem - like Google, [email protected], [email protected], or PrimeGrid. BUIP024 "address sharding" is similar to Google's MapReduce & Berkeley's BOINC grid computing - "divide-and-conquer" providing unlimited on-chain scaling for Bitcoin.

TL;DR: Like all other successful projects involving "embarrassingly parallel" search problems in massive search spaces, Bitcoin can and should - and inevitably will - move to a distributed computing paradigm based on successful "sharding" architectures such as Google Search (based on Google's MapReduce algorithm), or [email protected], [email protected], or PrimeGrid (based on Berkeley's BOINC grid computing architecture) - which use simple mathematical "decompose" and "recompose" operations to break big problems into tiny pieces, providing virtually unlimited scaling (plus fault tolerance) at the logical / software level, on top of possibly severely limited (and faulty) resources at the physical / hardware level.
The discredited "heavy" (and over-complicated) design philosophy of centralized "legacy" dev teams such as Core / Blockstream (requiring every single node to download, store and verify the massively growing blockchain, and pinning their hopes on non-existent off-chain vaporware such as the so-called "Lightning Network" which has no mathematical definition and is missing crucial components such as decentralized routing) is doomed to failure, and will be out-competed by simpler on-chain "lightweight" distributed approaches such as distributed trustless Merkle trees or BUIP024's "Address Sharding" emerging from independent devs such as u/thezerg1 (involved with Bitcoin Unlimited).
No one in their right mind would expect Google's vast search engine to fit entirely on a Raspberry Pi behind a crappy Internet connection - and no one in their right mind should expect Bitcoin's vast financial network to fit entirely on a Raspberry Pi behind a crappy Internet connection either.
Any "normal" (ie, competent) company with $76 million to spend could provide virtually unlimited on-chain scaling for Bitcoin in a matter of months - simply by working with devs who would just go ahead and apply the existing obvious mature successful tried-and-true "recipes" for solving "embarrassingly parallel" search problems in massive search spaces, based on standard DISTRIBUTED COMPUTING approaches like Google Search (based on Google's MapReduce algorithm), or [email protected], [email protected], or PrimeGrid (based on Berkeley's BOINC grid computing architecture). The fact that Blockstream / Core devs refuse to consider any standard DISTRIBUTED COMPUTING approaches just proves that they're "embarrassingly stupid" - and the only way Bitcoin will succeed is by routing around their damage.
Proven, mature sharding architectures like the ones powering Google Search, [email protected], [email protected], or PrimeGrid will allow Bitcoin to achieve virtually unlimited on-chain scaling, with minimal disruption to the existing Bitcoin network topology and mining and wallet software.
Longer Summary:
People who argue that "Bitcoin can't scale" - because it involves major physical / hardware requirements (lots of processing power, upload bandwidth, storage space) - are at best simply misinformed or incompetent - or at worst outright lying to you.
Bitcoin mainly involves searching the blockchain to prevent double-spends - and so it is similar to many other projects involving "embarrassingly parallel" searching in massive search spaces - like Google Search, [email protected], [email protected], or PrimeGrid.
But there's a big difference between those long-running wildly successful massively distributed infinitely scalable parallel computing projects, and Bitcoin.
Those other projects do their data storage and processing across a distributed network. But Bitcoin (under the misguided "leadership" of Core / Blockstream devs) instists on a fatally flawed design philosophy where every individual node must be able to download, store and verify the system's entire data structure. And it's even wore than that - they want to let the least powerful nodes in the system dictate the resource requirements for everyone else.
Meanwhile, those other projects are all based on some kind of "distributed computing" involving "sharding". They achieve massive scaling by adding a virtually unlimited (and fault-tolerant) logical / software layer on top of the underlying resource-constrained / limited physical / hardware layer - using approaches like Google's MapReduce algorithm or Berkeley's Open Infrastructure for Network Computing (BOINC) grid computing architecture.
This shows that it is a fundamental error to continue insisting on viewing an individual Bitcoin "node" as the fundamental "unit" of the Bitcoin network. Coordinated distributed pools already exist for mining the blockchain - and eventually coordinated distributed trustless architectures will also exist for verifying and querying it. Any architecture or design philosophy where a single "node" is expected to be forever responsible for storing or verifying the entire blockchain is the wrong approach, and is doomed to failure.
The most well-known example of this doomed approach is Blockstream / Core's "roadmap" - which is based on two disastrously erroneous design requirements:
  • Core / Blockstream erroneously insist that the entire blockchain must always be downloadable, storable and verifiable on a single node, as dictated by the least powerful nodes in the system (eg, u/bitusher in Costa Rica), or u/Luke-Jr in the underserved backwoods of Florida); and
  • Core / Blockstream support convoluted, incomplete off-chain scaling approaches such as the so-called "Lightning Network" - which lacks a mathematical foundation, and also has some serious gaps (eg, no solution for decentralized routing).
Instead, the future of Bitcoin will inevitably be based on unlimited on-chain scaling, where all of Bitcoin's existing algorithms and data structures and networking are essentially preserved unchanged / as-is - but they are distributed at the logical / software level using sharding approaches such as u/thezerg1's BUIP024 or distributed trustless Merkle trees.
These kinds of sharding architectures will allow individual nodes to use a minimum of physical resources to access a maximum of logical storage and processing resources across a distributed network with virtually unlimited on-chain scaling - where every node will be able to use and verify the entire blockchain without having to download and store the whole thing - just like Google Search, [email protected], [email protected], or PrimeGrid and other successful distributed sharding-based projects have already been successfully doing for years.
Sharding, which has been so successful in many other areas, is a topic that keeps resurfacing in various shapes and forms among independent Bitcoin developers.
The highly successful track record of sharding architectures on other projects involving "embarrassingly parallel" massive search problems (harnessing resource-constrained machines at the physical level into a distributed network at the logical level, in order to provide fault tolerance and virtually unlimited scaling searching for web pages, interstellar radio signals, protein sequences, or prime numbers in massive search spaces up to hundreds of terabytes in size) provides convincing evidence that sharding architectures will also work for Bitcoin (which also requires virtually unlimited on-chain scaling, searching the ever-expanding blockchain for previous "spends" from an existing address, before appending a new transaction from this address to the blockchain).
Below are some links involving proposals for sharding Bitcoin, plus more discussion and related examples.
BUIP024: Extension Blocks with Address Sharding
Why aren't we as a community talking about Sharding as a scaling solution?
(There are some detailed, partially encouraging comments from u/petertodd in that thread.)
[Brainstorming] Could Bitcoin ever scale like BitTorrent, using something like "mempool sharding"?
[Brainstorming] "Let's Fork Smarter, Not Harder"? Can we find some natural way(s) of making the scaling problem "embarrassingly parallel", perhaps introducing some hierarchical (tree) structures or some natural "sharding" at the level of the network and/or the mempool and/or the blockchain?
"Braiding the Blockchain" (32 min + Q&A): We can't remove all sources of latency. We can redesign the "chain" to tolerate multiple simultaneous writers. Let miners mine and validate at the same time. Ideal block time / size / difficulty can become emergent per-node properties of the network topology
Some kind of sharding - perhaps based on address sharding as in BUIP024, or based on distributed trustless Merkle trees as proposed earlier by u/thezerg1 - is very likely to turn out to be the simplest, and safest approach towards massive on-chain scaling.
A thought experiment showing that we already have most of the ingredients for a kind of simplistic "instant sharding"
A simplistic thought experiment can be used to illustrate how easy it could be to do sharding - with almost no changes to the existing Bitcoin system.
Recall that Bitcoin addresses and keys are composed from an alphabet of 58 characters. So, in this simplified thought experiment, we will outline a way to add a kind of "instant sharding" within the existing system - by using the last character of each address in order to assign that address to one of 58 shards.
(Maybe you can already see where this is going...)
Similar to vanity address generation, a user who wants to receive Bitcoins would be required to generate 58 different receiving addresses (each ending with a different character) - and, similarly, miners could be required to pick one of the 58 shards to mine on.
Then, when a user wanted to send money, they would have to look at the last character of their "send from" address - and also select a "send to" address ending in the same character - and presto! we already have a kind of simplistic "instant sharding". (And note that this part of the thought experiment would require only the "softest" kind of soft fork: indeed, we haven't changed any of the code at all, but instead we simply adopted a new convention by agreement, while using the existing code.)
Of course, this simplistic "instant sharding" example would still need a few more features in order to be complete - but they'd all be fairly straightforward to provide:
  • A transaction can actually send from multiple addresses, to multiple addresses - so the approach of simply looking at the final character of a single (receive) address would not be enough to instantly assign a transaction to a particular shard. But a slightly more sophisticated decision criterion could easily be developed - and computed using code - to assign every transaction to a particular shard, based on the "from" and "to" addresses in the transaction. The basic concept from the "simplistic" example would remain the same, sharding the network based on some characteristic of transactions.
  • If we had 58 shards, then the mining reward would have to be decreased to 1/58 of what it currently is - and also the mining hash power on each of the shards would end up being roughly 1/58 of what it is now. In general, many people might agree that decreased mining rewards would actually be a good thing (spreading out mining rewards among more people, instead of the current problems where mining is done by about 8 entities). Also, network hashing power has been growing insanely for years, so we probably have way more than enough needed to secure the network - after all, Bitcoin was secure back when network hash power was 1/58 of what it is now.
  • This simplistic example does not handle cases where you need to do "cross-shard" transactions. But it should be feasible to implement such a thing. The various proposals from u/thezerg1 such as BUIP024 do deal with "cross-shard" transactions.
(Also, the fact that a simplified address-based sharding mechanics can be outlined in just a few paragraphs as shown here suggests that this might be "simple and understandable enough to actually work" - unlike something such as the so-called "Lightning Network", which is actually just a catchy-sounding name with no clearly defined mechanics or mathematics behind it.)
Addresses are plentiful, and can be generated locally, and you can generate addresses satisfying a certain pattern (eg ending in a certain character) the same way people can already generate vanity addresses. So imposing a "convention" where the "send" and "receive" address would have to end in the same character (and where the miner has to only mine transactions in that shard) - would be easy to understand and do.
Similarly, the earlier solution proposed by u/thezerg1, involving distributed trustless Merkle trees, is easy to understand: you'd just be distributing the Merkle tree across multiple nodes, while still preserving its immutablity guarantees.
Such approaches don't really change much about the actual system itself. They preserve the existing system, and just split its data structures into multiple pieces, distributed across the network. As long as we have the appropriate operators for decomposing and recomposing the pieces, then everything should work the same - but more efficiently, with unlimited on-chain scaling, and much lower resource requirements.
The examples below show how these kinds of "sharding" approaches have already been implemented successfully in many other systems.
Massive search is already efficiently performed with virtually unlimited scaling using divide-and-conquer / decompose-and-recompose approaches such as MapReduce and BOINC.
Every time you do a Google search, you're using Google's MapReduce algorithm to solve an embarrassingly parallel problem.
And distributed computing grids using the Berkeley Open Infrastructure for Network Computing (BOINC) are constantly setting new records searching for protein combinations, prime numbers, or radio signals from possible intelligent life in the universe.
We all use Google to search hundreds of terabytes of data on the web and get results in a fraction of a second - using cheap "commodity boxes" on the server side, and possibly using limited bandwidth on the client side - with fault tolerance to handle crashing servers and dropped connections.
Other examples are [email protected], [email protected] and PrimeGrid - involving searching massive search spaces for protein sequences, interstellar radio signals, or prime numbers hundreds of thousands of digits long. Each of these examples uses sharding to decompose a giant search space into smaller sub-spaces which are searched separately in parallel and then the resulting (sub-)solutions are recomposed to provide the overall search results.
It seems obvious to apply this tactic to Bitcoin - searching the blockchain for existing transactions involving a "send" from an address, before appending a new "send" transaction from that address to the blockchain.
Some people might object that those systems are different from Bitcoin.
But we should remember that preventing double-spends (the main thing that the Bitcoin does) is, after all, an embarrassingly parallel massive search problem - and all of these other systems also involve embarrassingly parallel massive search problems.
The mathematics of Google's MapReduce and Berkeley's BOINC is simple, elegant, powerful - and provably correct.
Google's MapReduce and Berkeley's BOINC have demonstrated that in order to provide massive scaling for efficient searching of massive search spaces, all you need is...
  • an appropriate "decompose" operation,
  • an appropriate "recompose" operation,
  • the necessary coordination mechanisms
...in order to distribute a single problem across multiple, cheap, fault-tolerant processors.
This allows you to decompose the problem into tiny sub-problems, solving each sub-problem to provide a sub-solution, and then recompose the sub-solutions into the overall solution - gaining virtually unlimited scaling and massive efficiency.
The only "hard" part involves analyzing the search space in order to select the appropriate DECOMPOSE and RECOMPOSE operations which guarantee that recomposing the "sub-solutions" obtained by decomposing the original problem is equivalent to the solving the original problem. This essential property could be expressed in "pseudo-code" as follows:
Selecting the appropriate DECOMPOSE and RECOMPOSE operations (and implementing the inter-machine communication coordination) can be somewhat challenging, but it's certainly doable.
In fact, as mentioned already, these things have already been done in many distributed computing systems. So there's hardly any "original work to be done in this case. All we need to focus on now is translating the existing single-processor architecture of Bitcoin to a distributed architecture, adopting the mature, proven, efficient "recipes" provided by the many examples of successful distributed systems already up and running like such as Google Search (based on Google's MapReduce algorithm), or [email protected], [email protected], or PrimeGrid (based on Berkeley's BOINC grid computing architecture).
That's what any "competent" company with $76 million to spend would have done already - simply work with some devs who know how to implement open-source distributed systems, and focus on adapting Bitcoin's particular data structures (merkle trees, hashed chains) to a distributed environment. That's a realistic roadmap that any team of decent programmers with distributed computing experience could easily implement in a few months, and any decent managers could easily manage and roll out on a pre-determined schedule - instead of all these broken promises and missed deadlines and non-existent vaporware and pathetic excuses we've been getting from the incompetent losers and frauds involved with Core / Blockstream.
ASIDE: MapReduce and BOINC are based on math - but the so-called "Lightning Network" is based on wishful thinking involving kludges on top of workarounds on top of hacks - which is how you can tell that LN will never work.
Once you have succeeded in selecting the appropriate mathematical DECOMPOSE and RECOMPOSE operations, you get simple massive scaling - and it's also simple for anyone to verify that these operations are correct - often in about a half-page of math and code.
An example of this kind of elegance and brevity (and provable correctness) involving compositionality can be seen in this YouTube clip by the accomplished mathematician Lucius Greg Meredith presenting some operators for scaling Ethereum - in just a half page of code:
Conversely, if you fail to select the appropriate mathematical DECOMPOSE and RECOMPOSE operations, then you end up with a convoluted mess of wishful thinking - like the "whitepaper" for the so-called "Lightning Network", which is just a cool-sounding name with no actual mathematics behind it.
The LN "whitepaper" is an amateurish, non-mathematical meandering mishmash of 60 pages of "Alice sends Bob" examples involving hacks on top of workarounds on top of kludges - also containing a fatal flaw (a lack of any proposed solution for doing decentralized routing).
The disaster of the so-called "Lightning Network" - involving adding never-ending kludges on top of hacks on top of workarounds (plus all kinds of "timing" dependencies) - is reminiscent of the "epicycles" which were desperately added in a last-ditch attempt to make Ptolemy's "geocentric" system work - based on the incorrect assumption that the Sun revolved around the Earth.
This is how you can tell that the approach of the so-called "Lightning Network" is simply wrong, and it would never work - because it fails to provide appropriate (and simple, and provably correct) mathematical DECOMPOSE and RECOMPOSE operations in less than a single page of math and code.
Meanwhile, sharding approaches based on a DECOMPOSE and RECOMPOSE operation are simple and elegant - and "functional" (ie, they don't involve "procedural" timing dependencies like keeping your node running all the time, or closing out your channel before a certain deadline).
Bitcoin only has 6,000 nodes - but the leading sharding-based projects have over 100,000 nodes, with no financial incentives.
Many of these sharding-based projects have many more nodes than the Bitcoin network.
The Bitcoin network currently has about 6,000 nodes - even though there are financial incentives for running a node (ie, verifying your own Bitcoin balance.
[email protected] and [email protected] each have over 100,000 active users - even though these projects don't provide any financial incentives. This higher number of users might be due in part the the low resource demands required in these BOINC-based projects, which all are based on sharding the data set.
[email protected]
As part of the client-server network architecture, the volunteered machines each receive pieces of a simulation (work units), complete them, and return them to the project's database servers, where the units are compiled into an overall simulation.
In 2007, Guinness World Records recognized [email protected] as the most powerful distributed computing network. As of September 30, 2014, the project has 107,708 active CPU cores and 63,977 active GPUs for a total of 40.190 x86 petaFLOPS (19.282 native petaFLOPS). At the same time, the combined efforts of all distributed computing projects under BOINC totals 7.924 petaFLOPS.
[email protected]
Using distributed computing, [email protected] sends the millions of chunks of data to be analyzed off-site by home computers, and then have those computers report the results. Thus what appears an onerous problem in data analysis is reduced to a reasonable one by aid from a large, Internet-based community of borrowed computer resources.
Observational data are recorded on 2-terabyte SATA hard disk drives at the Arecibo Observatory in Puerto Rico, each holding about 2.5 days of observations, which are then sent to Berkeley. Arecibo does not have a broadband Internet connection, so data must go by postal mail to Berkeley. Once there, it is divided in both time and frequency domains work units of 107 seconds of data, or approximately 0.35 megabytes (350 kilobytes or 350,000 bytes), which overlap in time but not in frequency. These work units are then sent from the [email protected] server over the Internet to personal computers around the world to analyze.
Data is merged into a database using [email protected] computers in Berkeley.
The [email protected] distributed computing software runs either as a screensaver or continuously while a user works, making use of processor time that would otherwise be unused.
Active users: 121,780 (January 2015)
PrimeGrid is a distributed computing project for searching for prime numbers of world-record size. It makes use of the Berkeley Open Infrastructure for Network Computing (BOINC) platform.
Active users 8,382 (March 2016)
A MapReduce program is composed of a Map() procedure (method) that performs filtering and sorting (such as sorting students by first name into queues, one queue for each name) and a Reduce() method that performs a summary operation (such as counting the number of students in each queue, yielding name frequencies).
How can we go about developing sharding approaches for Bitcoin?
We have to identify a part of the problem which is in some sense "invariant" or "unchanged" under the operations of DECOMPOSE and RECOMPOSE - and we also have to develop a coordination mechanism which orchestrates the DECOMPOSE and RECOMPOSE operations among the machines.
The simplistic thought experiment above outlined an "instant sharding" approach where we would agree upon a convention where the "send" and "receive" address would have to end in the same character - instantly providing a starting point illustrating some of the mechanics of an actual sharding solution.
BUIP024 involves address sharding and deals with the additional features needed for a complete solution - such as cross-shard transactions.
And distributed trustless Merkle trees would involve storing Merkle trees across a distributed network - which would provide the same guarantees of immutability, while drastically reducing storage requirements.
So how can we apply ideas like MapReduce and BOINC to providing massive on-chain scaling for Bitcoin?
First we have to examine the structure of the problem that we're trying to solve - and we have to try to identify how the problem involves a massive search space which can be decomposed and recomposed.
In the case of Bitcoin, the problem involves:
  • sequentializing (serializing) APPEND operations to a blockchain data structure
  • in such a way as to avoid double-spends
Can we view "preventing Bitcoin double-spends" as a "massive search space problem"?
Yes we can!
Just like Google efficiently searches hundreds of terabytes of web pages for a particular phrase (and [email protected], [email protected], PrimeGrid etc. efficiently search massive search spaces for other patterns), in the case of "preventing Bitcoin double-spends", all we're actually doing is searching a massive seach space (the blockchain) in order to detect a previous "spend" of the same coin(s).
So, let's imagine how a possible future sharding-based architecture of Bitcoin might look.
We can observe that, in all cases of successful sharding solutions involving searching massive search spaces, the entire data structure is never stored / searched on a single machine.
Instead, the DECOMPOSE and RECOMPOSE operations (and the coordination mechanism) a "virtual" layer or grid across multiple machines - allowing the data structure to be distributed across all of them, and allowing users to search across all of them.
This suggests that requiring everyone to store 80 Gigabytes (and growing) of blockchain on their own individual machine should no longer be a long-term design goal for Bitcoin.
Instead, in a sharding environment, the DECOMPOSE and RECOMPOSE operations (and the coordination mechanism) should allow everyone to only store a portion of the blockchain on their machine - while also allowing anyone to search the entire blockchain across everyone's machines.
This might involve something like BUIP024's "address sharding" - or it could involve something like distributed trustless Merkle trees.
In either case, it's easy to see that the basic data structures of the system would remain conceptually unaltered - but in the sharding approaches, these structures would be logically distributed across multiple physical devices, in order to provide virtually unlimited scaling while dramatically reducing resource requirements.
This would be the most "conservative" approach to scaling Bitcoin: leaving the data structures of the system conceptually the same - and just spreading them out more, by adding the appropriately defined mathematical DECOMPOSE and RECOMPOSE operators (used in successful sharding approaches), which can be easily proven to preserve the same properties as the original system.
Bitcoin isn't the only project in the world which is permissionless and distributed.
Other projects (BOINC-based permisionless decentralized [email protected], [email protected], and PrimeGrid - as well as Google's (permissioned centralized) MapReduce-based search engine) have already achieved unlimited scaling by providing simple mathematical DECOMPOSE and RECOMPOSE operations (and coordination mechanisms) to break big problems into smaller pieces - without changing the properties of the problems or solutions. This provides massive scaling while dramatically reducing resource requirements - with several projects attracting over 100,000 nodes, much more than Bitcoin's mere 6,000 nodes - without even offering any of Bitcoin's financial incentives.
Although certain "legacy" Bitcoin development teams such as Blockstream / Core have been neglecting sharding-based scaling approaches to massive on-chain scaling (perhaps because their business models are based on misguided off-chain scaling approaches involving radical changes to Bitcoin's current successful network architecture, or even perhaps because their owners such as AXA and PwC don't want a counterparty-free new asset class to succeed and destroy their debt-based fiat wealth), emerging proposals from independent developers suggest that on-chain scaling for Bitcoin will be based on proven sharding architectures such as MapReduce and BOINC - and so we should pay more attention to these innovative, independent developers who are pursuing this important and promising line of research into providing sharding solutions for virtually unlimited on-chain Bitcoin scaling.
submitted by ydtm to btc [link] [comments]

[Table] IamA Shift Manager at Taco Bell AMA!

Verified? (This bot cannot verify AMAs just yet)
Date: 2014-02-22
Link to submission (Has self-text)
Questions Answers
How much Baja Blast do you smuggle home? I actually smuggle none. When I first got the job, which was about a year and half ago, I drank it nonstop while I worked. Eventually I ruined the taste of it, to the point that I can stomach none of the drinks there. Though a tip: Mix blue Powerade with Mountain Dew to create a similar flavor!
I read that Baja Blast is sort of watery, so the ideal mixture is 75% Baja, 25% regular Mtn Dew. I guess it depends on the store and how they regulate their carbonation tanks. Ours is too strong, and is a common complaint from customers. Too little or too much carbon in yje drink can make the difference
Baka blast- COMPLETE HEAVEN. Mix blue Powerade and regular Mountain Dew at home for a similar taste!
Kudos on the ninja dew hack. great advice. No problem!
How did you get your job? Also, do you get free foods and drinks? Well, I just started off as a regular, run-of-the-mill employees. I got it because my mother knew the GM, and I needed a job while in high school to get gas. Eventually, I fought demon after demon and climbed the coveted ladder of Taco Bell Management!
Well I am sure Taco Bell is very very good at giving you gas and other rectal things. Surprisingly not. It actually doesn't hurt my stomach much...
Your stomach is stronger than Joe's. My muscles are too...
Do you smoke marijuana? I do not. I never have. I don't think I ever will.
Oh my gosh, I can understand not liking it and not smoking it. However, it is definitely 100% something that everyone needs to experience at least once in a lifetime. Also, not to mention how heavenly the beefy 5 is after a nice bowl haha. Ahhh you keep doing it. I'll stick to not doing it. Thank you for not being an asshole and telling me that everyone does it and whatnot though!
You should. Especially since you are eating that diarrhea every day. Hahaha. I enjoy the food. I can make whatever I want, so I just make new things every week.
Do you really have your meat delivered by a hose? Or were they maybe just being lazy? I really want to believe my beef didn't come from a hose, but you do use caulk guns for sour cream, so... ;) Lord no! Hahaha. We just scoop it out of a pan with a really oddly shaped scoop known as a Spoodle! I believe they were just being lazy. And yes we do use caulk guns for sour cream... Which break very easily.
What's a wild and crazy creation you have created while working there!? Hm... A very tough question... I once created what I dubbed "The Taco From Hell." It was a volcano taco, extra lava sauce, fire sauce, sliced jalapenos, more lava sauce, and then some cheese for flavor!
Then why did you get rid of the delicious lava sauce!?!? It wasn't a popular item! It wasnt selling well enough to stay!
I ordered it every time I went in there! That's 100%. Seems good to me lol. Many people seemed to like it! Just across the board it wasn't a high seller. So we had to unfortunately terminate the sauce.
What is the one thing you wish you could change about Taco Bell, but you know Corporate is too out of reach to tell them and actually convince them to change it? Expectations of our times. At our particular store, we have 1 miminute to take someone's order, take cash and hand out drinks, and make their food. We hardly ever meet the goal of one minute, as people usually order enough food to feed an army.
Have you ever peed in the sink like that pizza hut manager did? I have not actually. Though I did piss in the toilet once, pretty wild eh??
Whats the newest dorito flavored taco that theyre crafting top secretely? I have no idea. I don't know what other flavor they could do! Personally, I think they all suck. I would prefer a regular taco.
After working there, would you still eat there? I do eat there still! The food isn't bad there, and it's prepared in a manner that I deem as clean and eatable. Plus I know everyone there, so I know it's a clean place to eat.
I can only assume that you don't work at a Taco Bell in Canada! It's embarrassing how much crappier the food is than at the US restaurants. We have low standards in America... Especially in our schools.
What should you really be doing right now? Playing Smash Brothers?
Ok, making sure your not just bored at work. I'm fortunately not at work right now!
Brawl or Melee? Melee. Any day of the week. Brawl, or as I call it "Super Smash Bros. Boxing" is far too slow for me to enjoy. There's no combos. And that's what I enjoy the most about Smash. The wild combos you can pull off.
When is the chicken and waffle taco coming out. Well, our particular Taco Bell starts serving breakfast items next month. As for where you're at, time could vary. Stay strong... Stay Strong.
What region are you in. That one? I have no clue.
**My Proof:* Enter link here.* Not that I don't trust you but you want to enter the link there? I am working on it! Haha. I realized that I hadn't had a picture and I am doing so now. Again, I apologize.
Don't worry, I believe you. Proof is up now! Thank you to those few believers.
Say I want to avoid food poisoning and I go to a sketchy Taco Bell at 4 a.m. What's the safest thing to get there that's likely to be fresh? What should I stay away from? Well, it depends on that certain Taco Bell. But, to be completely safe, I would stick to a simple order of Nachos and Cheese. While it isn't the most filling thing, it will certainly get you through the night without puking. Or the Crispy Potato Soft Taco, it would be a pretty safe bet.
Which items on the menu now would you say provide the best value for customers? (Lowest profit margins) Grillers. Any one of the grillers. Calorie-to-cost ratio is really high. They're only a dollar. You can feed a family of 6 for around 6-13 dollars.
Why the fuck did they get rid of the spicy chicken loaded griller? They replaced it with the chipotle chicken griller and it's just not the same man. Also, it seems like food items in general just drop off of the menu real quick, like that giant nacho thing was gone in like a month. They took everything off of the volcano menu. It had lava sauce, which sold so poorly that they took it off to attempt a new item. And the Grilled Stuffed Nacho was a limited time thing to see how well it would sell. It'll be back eventually because we sold too many of them.
Have you guys ever ran out of meat? Because it happened on me in the drive-thru before and it REALLY killed my buzz. We have actually. We ran out of chicken too. Believe it or not, the chicken pissed more people off than us running out of beef. Go figure.
What is your favorite item from taco bell? And always which item gives you the least amount of montezumas revenge afterwards? I usually don't have stomach problems from the food haha. It hasn't struck me yet, knock on wood. But my favorite item... Hmm.. That would either be the Cheesy Gordita Crunch or the Chicken Quesadilla. Two simple yet delicious items.
Cheesy Gordita Crunch is so good. Do you think the new items are any good? Also, can you get the crunch wrap supreme with a dorito shell instead of regular? I agree! And ehh, they're alright. The Chilli Cheese Fry Griller is decent. And you cannot! The CrunchWrap is made with a circular taco shell, only used for those. They don't make anything similar to that in Dorito flavor. I apologize.
Is the meat good quality? It's made my stomach create nightmares before. I would assume so. Since we sell it haha. It is, however, very very fatty. Since it lacks the proteins that your body needs from meat, it will turn your stomach into an active volcano. The bile created to break down all the fat from Taco Bell's meat is much higher than the bile needed to break down actual meat. So, to sum it up, it's really fatty and your stomach produces high levels of bile to break it down. Turning you into a shitting volcano.
Shitting volcano, best way you could've described it. That was great. I'm glad you enjoyed it haha. Thank you for the question!
Do you guys serve Horse Coke? We don't. It's actually Horse Pepsi.
What's the weirdest thing someone has ordered? I had a friend who worked at Wendy's and someone asked for a "salad with a hamburger pattie on top of it." Some of the odder things are when people order something with everything on the side... Like a salad with everything on the side, so they get a fried shell and 9 side cups. I also had someone order 2 Jr. Roast Beef Sandwiches. Which struck me as odd.
Has anything crazy dangerous or just flat out scary ever happened? Ehhh, not really. We are in a boring town. We had a guy pass out while ordering at the speaker one time. He woke up, drove around the store and managed to hit the wall about 4 times. Parked in the parking lot. Passed out again, and was hanging by his seat belt. We had to call the police.
I work at subway and there's a guy who comes in and orders a six inch sandwich with TUNA, HAM, AND ROASTED CHICKEN BREAST. How nasty is that?? Freaking nasty. There's a guy who gets a quesadilla with chicken, steak, beef, and beans!
I used to get bean tacos. Is that annoying? What about my friend who ordered vegan crunchwraps? Not at all! It can get messy sometimes but it isn't annoying by any means! Not to me at least. And CrunchWraps are so easy to make, no one should ever complain about those haha.
Favorite thing to eat at taco bell? and your other favorite fast food chain outside of taco bell, and what would your favorite food item be there? Also do you like the empanadas there? Cheesy Gordita Crunch or the Chicken Quesadilla! And hmm... Tough question... I am a pretty big fan of Wendy's. And KFC. I dig the Chicken Pot Pie quite a bit haha. And I used to! But when I got the job, I ate so many of them I can't stomach them anymore!
Good choices ! and my name is also Jordan so that mean i can get a free empanda right ? Hey, tell them at your local Taco Bell that Dr. Sands sent you and see if they'll give you one.
OMW. Godspeed!
Uhhh Mr. Sands it didnt work... Ahhh. Well. You gave it a shot. And for that, I commemorate you!
Worst/stupidest customer? The worst customer is too tough to answer. You deal with so many idiots in fast food that its hard to keep track.
Best customer? I think the best customer is one who appreciates the service. I mean, we're fixing a meal for them. Just being a little appreciative is better than nothing at all.
Why did lava sauce go away? Any idea how make it? It sold very poorly. And I do not know how to make it. I'm sorry!
Is there anything from the menu that you haven't/won't try? I won't try our beans. They look disgusting. And I don't like the Cantina menu. It's a waste of money if you ask me.
Why do you respect people that order stuff without beans or lettuce might I ask? It's what I like. I get made fun of for it and I get called an 8 year old because I don't like lettuce or anything. I'm a meat and and cheese only kid of guy.
Hey thanks for the tip man! You're such a bro! No problem!
36% meat and cheese ftw. That's what I'm talking about!
I really like horses. But I also really like eating at taco bell. Are you kidding about the horse meat part? It was speculated at one time. Though I'm not 100% sure on what goes in the meat, I can say this. 36% of our beef is beef... Only 36%. The other 64% is filler, such as fibers, coloring, flavor, etc
Gosh, I wonder where I could find a legitimate source on what all the fillers are. I mean Taco Bell really just hits the spot sometimes... I'm sure a quick Google search would do the trick! Though I assure you it isn't anything deadly. We couldn't serve it if that was the case!
Any stories involving somebody who is ridiculously high/drunk at the drive thru window? I answered a similar question earlier. There was a guy who came around to the speaker to order. He passed out mid-order. He tried to drive around and hit the wall 3 or 4 times. He passed out while at the window... Twice. We made him pull around front where we had to call the cops. He told the cops that his wife was driving the car... He was alone.
Can I get a taco? Why yes. Yes you can.
Awesome, thanks :) I didn't read all the ?'s above but wanted to know if this still happens , when I worked at a carry out pizza hut we always traded food with taco bell and McDonalds for everyone working. Do you trade or have you ever? I have never participated in such, but I am aware that it happens from time to time haha. Usually it only happens with the late night crew though, so I usually don't take part in it haha.
Yeah , I was the night crew lol. But we are located right beside a Pizza Hut, and across from a McDonald's, so I'd say it does happen from time to time!
Good times, we would get ridiculous amounts of food from taco bell trading pizza , it was awesome. Thanks for answering , this brought back fun memories. No problem! Thank you for asking!
Does Taco Bell have any sort of secret menu items? Ever since I heard about the mcgangbang at McDonald's I've wondered. We don't have any hidden food items. Though there is a drink that people refer to as Battery Acid. It is a mixture of all soft drinks, minus the diet and un-carbonated drinks Taco Bell serves!
Why is it always freezing in every Taco Bell?? To cool you down from the fire sauce.
Favorite smash character? Dr. Mario. Or Marth. I like Fox too. Those are my 3 main. May I ask yours?
Link (melee not brawl), luigi, lucas. Marth and Ike are both awesome. and sometimes i like to play ice climbers because they are hilarious. The people I play with all have 5 main characters. So I practice with 5 as well. They are, from best to worst: Dr. Mario, Sheik, Marth, Fox, Ice Climbers! With the occasional olimar on the side!
True or False: Taco Bell is a front for crystal meth distribution and it's run by a sadistic Chilean with a serious hate-on for old Mexican men. Am I right? You almost had it... So close. It's actually the front for a Cocaine and heroin supermarket...
Yeah and just the whole concept of flinging small guys around all the time cracks me up when i'm playing super smashed brothers (drinking at the same time) He's really fun to play with haha. Especially when you can whoop ass with him. Pisses a lot of people off haha.
A while back there was a chicken burrito on the value menu and I would goto to Taco Bell specifically for that. It had rice and a creamy greenish in color sauce. Whatever happened to that? Now the chicken burrito is "shredded" and tastes like ass. Well really it was just a marketing ploy. The shredded chicken looks like, smells like, and tastes like vomit. So I think they knew no one would order the nasty stuff. So, instead of inventing a new product, they changed the main ingredient on a really popular item. Which pissed a lot of people off.
What is the most Taco Bell you have ever eaten in one sitting? I can usually only eat enough to feed a humming bird. So... Not very much. I tackled 2 grillers one time and almost ate it all!
Look at his username. How do you suggest he cover that up? Dildoproblem. With a finely woven quilt...
I've never been to a taco bell. Convince me? Well, I mean... I... Hmm...
Did my proof picture not convince you enough?
Just for you I'll give it a try this weekend. Hey, you be sure and tell them that Dr. Sands sent you... It's my alias.
I'll be sure to do that. Godspeed sir.
Project M at all? That is all I play actually haha. I hate Brawl, and I have a buddy who is borrowing melee. I have been playing the crap out of Project M though. And it's amazing.
Turbo mode is literally the best thing ever. It ridiculous! Haha. I love it though.
I've never been to a Taco Bell, what's it like?What are the big ticket items that EVERYBODY buys? What should I order if I ever go there? Quessadillas are a big item. Tacos (of course), and the Grillers. They sell they crazy. Mainly because they are cheap. But! If you decide to go, I suggest the Chicken Quesadilla. Nothing funky on it, but its really good.
Mmmm, those grillers look savage, but the Quesadilla also looks like a safe order. Isn't there some sort of dorito taco? There is! Though I wouldn't recommend it. Unless you're a fan of stale doritos. But I do suggest the Quesadilla! Perhaps the Cheesy Gordita Crunch!
That Gordita Crunch looks greasy and dirty as fuck 10/10 would devour. What do you even do at Taco Bell?Do you wear a headset and direct the pleabian employees under you? Do the same jobs as everybody just with a slightly higher pay? A little of both haha. I'm supposed to lead and tell what to do and jazz like that. I mostly just make food though. I do have to take on the task of counting drawers down, doing the deposits, and other things with money. But I mainly make tacos.
What is your response to the kid licking the rack of taco shells at Taco Bell? Well. I can say that it didn't taste very good. Those are uncooked. So, he basically licked a rack of uncooked taco shells...
How often do you eat taco bell? Just on the weekends. That's the only time I work. Any other time I try to avoid the place as much as possible!
Why is it called Taco Bell if there aren't any taco bells? The creator of the restaurant was named Glen Bell!
Favorite custom food concoction? I make this chicken and rice platter type thing. It's pretty good. other than that I just stick to the menu. I'm not really a creative person.
If I send you $20 in bitcoins will you send me a box of baja blast syrup? I'm sorry but I can't do that hahaha. However... Tips are appreciated :D.
What's the worst customer you've had? Shew. That's tough. Its usually just every customer on the first of the month. No one knows what they want, they just order a lot of it. Then they bitch. Its awful.
Some places have a secret menu. Anything special that taco bell can make that isn't on the menu? Not food wise. That I know of at least. However, there is a secret drink known as Battery Acid! Its a mix of all drink, minus the diet and un-carbonated drinks!
Well, I'm a high school student and for my television production class i have to create a short film for the year project. I want to use my local taco bell as a location but i don't know who or how to ask. How should I do this? Just go in and ask the GM. Don't ask for a shift manager, ask to speak the the General Manager and they should have the answers!
Taco Bell is one of my favorite restaurants ever, what is one thing you can say that will change my opinion forever? Very very high sodium in all of our food items. If that doesn't change your mind, nothing will...
How are you? I am at work. So it isn't the best, but I'm still kicking. Rolling with the flow. How are you?
I'm a college student, and I'm hungry and poor. How can i get free food? Hook it up brahh. I don't know of a way to get free food. You can ask nicely I suppose? Or get a job there.
In all fairness, I have run into this problem at Del Taco, Pollo Loco and other places with similar type food. I avoid refried beans now, since they have powdered onion and spices that are harder to digest the older you get. 'Tis a shame, as I do like the crunchy tostadas. A tostada fan eh? We sell like, 5 tostadas in a year. Really not sure why we even offer it anymore...
How much does the top manager at a store make? Not enough. They're required to work 50 hour weeks. Its pretty bad.
Why doesn't Taco Bell open up a store in Portugal? I don't really know... I'm not sure how Taco Bell handles their international marketing. It could be legal, political, or just plain laziness. Who knows!
Why are there so few taco bells in brooklyn. Because you have yet to open some! Buy into the chain and solve this problem! For the people of Brooklyn!
Ok next question how do u feel about what's happening in kiev. Eh, mixed emotions really. I mean, the government should at least try to listen to the people rioting. They are doing it for a reason, because they want the best for their country. Now, I don't believe that all of the demands from the rioters will be met, if any. But it is something the government should listen to and try to quell before it gets too out of hand. They know what they want. So, as the riots continue, it'll be interesting to see if they meet with the demands. That or it'll just die down and be old news within a month...
Very true. I am glad you agree sir!
Taco Bell debunked this actually... Released the process on how they make it and it is 88 beef / 12 other (water seasonings etc) Thank you for the follow up! I was interested to see how they reacted when their main ingrident was found to be so repulsive. And with it being released to the public, I guess taco bell handled the situation nicely
Whats the best way to get he most fcood at T-Bell. You can use money to buy lots of food! :D.
My dream is become a millionaire, move to united states or canada, and set up my own taco bell/mcd franchises. Do it! Don't give up on your dreams. Make them happen!
2 Cheesy Potato Burrittos. Potato loaded griller. Chicken xxl grilled stuff burritto with no gauc, beans, or pico de gallo. Steak quesadilla. Cheesy gorditta crunch no lettuce. Extra large baja blast, no ice. Just typing this made me really god damn hungry. Ahhh. Quite a difficult order actually. That's a lot of potatoes. As well as grilled items. Though I have to respect the people that order something without beans or lettuce. Though that does sound pretty good!
Last updated: 2014-02-26 05:32 UTC
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Bitcoin: How Cryptocurrencies Work - YouTube Amino Acids and Protein Structure.mp4 Bitcoin Cash $BCH Drama & Potential Chain Split... Clearly ... Proteins as the chain of Amino Acids -AA side chains ... Proteins - YouTube

Sidecoin is a mechanism that allows a snapshot to be taken of Bitcoin’s blockchain. We compile a list of Bitcoin’s unspent transaction outputs, then use these outputs and their corresponding balances to bootstrap a new blockchain. This allows the preservation of Bitcoin’s economic state in the context of a new blockchain, which may provide new features and technical innovations. I ... In this case, Bitcoin and Ethereum are considered to be their own side chains. All side chains will trust the main chain to handle cross-chain interactions. All side chains will trust the main ... - While the Bitcoin technology can support[link] ... for example, side chains, ASIC-unfriendly alternatives to proof of work, and some attempts at interoperability between different blockchains. Here's an example of that kind of discussion in an analysis of Ethereum from LeastAuthority, the group behind Zcash, where Vitalik Buterin of Ethereum is one of their advisors: So people in the know ... While this doesn’t necessarily obsolete Bitcoin–the protocol can be upgraded at any time–it’s important to examine these new coins in order to keep up the pace of innovation. Take Gridcoin, for example. Some background: one of the primary arguments against Bitcoin has been the wastefulness of its mining network, which consumes massive amounts of electricity. Instead of crunching ... Using the Bitcoin network for a fee market to engage in research for medical treatments is a great idea. However, it takes someone with a combination of a researcher’s mind and Bitcoin economics to get it started. That’s exactly what Brent Bevear has done with Enmore, creating a proof-of-concept for “an elastic peer market for the computation of protein-ligand interactions.”

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Bitcoin: How Cryptocurrencies Work - YouTube

Donate here: http://www.aklectures.com/donate.php Website video link: http://www.aklectures.com/lecture/calculating-isoelectric-point-of-proteins Facebook li... Paul Andersen explains the structure and importance of proteins. He describes how proteins are created from amino acids connected by dehydration synthesis. H... Bitcoin begins its downwards tumble back to the $6k levels. Angelo BTC and his Bitcoin 6k prophecy is looking more like a reality day by day. Fundamentally w... Bitcoin Cash’s (BCH) November Hard Fork is bringing a TON of drama into their community. You have Bitcoin ABC with lead dev Amaury Sechet proposing new Op co... A unique way of memorizing the names, 3-letter code, 1-letter code, and structure of the 20 proteinogenic amino acids, using a silly story that I made up. This video covers the hydrophobic side ...